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HAZMAT –​ b​​iological

​The lis​t of agents that can cause a HAZMAT mass casualty incident ranges from toxic commercial chemicals, biological materials and radiological substances (CBR), including types of these traditionally used in warfare. The release may be accidental or deliberate, arising from production or consumption within the community or through acts of terrorism.​

HA​​​ZMAT – chemical​

​Hazardous materials are widely used and transported throughout Western Australia. Wherever they are used, there is a risk of an emergency occurring. HAZMAT items may include explosives, compres​​sed gases, corrosive substances, poisons, radioactive materials, infectious substances and flammable liquids and gases.​

H​​AZMAT​ – radiological

​Intermittently, global events see renewed interest in the potential use of chemical, biological and radiological material, including their deliberate use on the civil population. Public health and safety experts continue to ensure the state is safeguarded from CBR risks. 

Heatwave - 

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Heatwaves in Western Australia kill far more people than other natural disasters like bushfires, cyclones and floods. Adequate preparation is essential, especially for people at high risk – the elderly, babies, young children and people with health and mobility problems.

​Human epidemic

​​​Human epidemics, whether natural or introduced, have taken place intermittently. Recent examples of epidemics have included the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), swine flu, avian ​​flu and the Ebola virus. These have the potential to overwhelm already stretched health resources.

Land sea​rc​​​h

Western A​​ustralia is vast with extreme temperatures and is made up of remote, inaccessible and often harsh terrain, creating a challenging environment for people who undertake search and rescue missions. The need for specialist skills, equipment, medical care, and interagency cooperation could elevate such searches to a critical level.

​Liquid fu​el s​​upply disruption

A major​ disruption to the liquid fuel supply in Western Australia would cause significant disruption across industry and the broader community. The corresponding Westplan is designed to safeguard energy security, maximise contingency planning, and clarify the roles of industry, government and regulatory agencies.

Marin​e oil​​ pollution

N​umerous marine oil spills globally have cause​d damage to the environment, ecosystems, the economy and public confidence. Whether from a cargo ship, tanker or from oil and gas platforms off the Western Australian coast, the risk cannot be discounted and must be managed.​ 

To learn about this hazard, watch the video

Marine ​transport ​​emergency

Mari​ne transport emergencies, whatever their cause, may threaten or endanger life, property and the marine environment and require the coordination of a number of significant EM activities.​
To learn about this hazard, watch the video

Maritim​e search

​Sinking, lost and distressed vessels and aircraft,​ along with marine search and rescue, occur frequently off the Western Australian coastline. Australia has a search and rescue service that covers 52.8 million square kilometers of the Indian, Pacific and Southern oceans. Plans are in place to coordinate efforts where Commonwealth and state responsibilities intersect.

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